“胡椒”享有“至尊香料”(My Master Spice)的美誉，是最古老的调味香料，也是古往今来全球厨师首选，在烹饪的世界，胡椒被厨师的眼中有如珍珠。胡椒的原产地为东南亚，现广植于热带地区，包括印度尼西亚丶印度丶马来西亚丶斯里兰卡丶巴西等地是胡椒的主要出口国。马来西亚是全球胡椒主要生产国之一，更是砂劳越闻名世界的特土。据官方数据，马来西亚胡椒出口量在全球排名名列前茅，每年出产数千公吨胡椒，每年为马来西亚赚取数以亿计的收益，是大马重要特产之一。充足的雨水，加上肥沃的土壤，让是砂劳越种植出优质胡椒，透过传统加工制法，并以黑胡椒和白胡椒为原产品出口世界各地，而砂劳越胡椒也因而赢得全球的绝佳口碑，名扬四海。为此得天独厚的特产，砂劳越州政府特设“马来西亚胡椒推广局”，研究胡椒新产品，并推介胡椒的多样化用途，及透过多元化加工，为该州胡椒业带来更多商机。胡椒性味辛温，含有胡椒脂碱及挥发油等，其驱寒驱风去湿的奇妙功效，无论身处寒冷或酷热潮湿的地方，多以胡椒佐食，可以驱走寒气湿气烦闷感，令人精神为之一振，胃口大开。西医学方面，胡椒可用作健胃剂丶解热剂丶利尿剂及支气管粘膜刺激剂等，可改善消化不良丶寒痰丶咳嗽丶肠炎丶支气管炎丶感冒和风湿病等。此外在食品工业上还用作防腐剂。
Pepper hailed as ‘My Master Spice’, pepper is one of the most ancient spices. In the world of cooking, pepper is a pearl in the eyes of a chef. Originated from South-east Asia, pepper is now widely planted in tropical countries, including Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Brazil and so on that represent major pepper exporters.Malaysia is one of the leading producers of pepper in the world, and Sarawak pepper is the most well-known native product worldwide. According to official data, Malaysia ranks as one of the world’s top pepper producer, reaping hundreds of millions of Ringgit from this single produce alone, making it an important native product of Malaysia. Adequate rain and fertile soil generates high quality pepper in Sarawak, which exports white and black pepper, traditionally processed, to all parts of the world, winning global fame and renown in the process.For the sake of this unique native product, the Sarawak government has specially established the Malaysia Pepper Promotion Bureau to research on new product development, promote pepper’s diverse uses, and enhance the business opportunity of pepper via diversified processing methods. Pepper, containing pepper alkaloids and volatile oils, gives a mild, hot taste. It has the wonderful effect of displacing ‘wind’ and removing unwanted ‘moisture’ from the body. In every country, whether cold or hot and humid, pepper is popularly consumed to expel the chilly feeling of ‘cold and moisture’. It readily refreshes and whets the appetite.In Western medicine, pepper is used as a stomachic agent, an antipyretic agent, a diuretic and bronchial mucosal irritant etc. to improve dyspepsia, cold phlegm, cough, intestinal inflammation, bronchitis, cold and rheumatism. It is also used as a preservative in the food industry.